The exact reason that causes infertility is still a mystery. Nevertheless, the medical fraternity of the world has found that stress has a significantly negative impact upon the fertility of both men and women. Unfortunately, there seems no escape from stress at present as it has become a regular problem associated with the hectic life of people. Eventually, the rate of infertility among married couples is also increasing at an alarming level. Listed here are reasons why stress causes infertility:
Lack of Libido
The most immediate side effect of stress is lack of libido. Couples encountering extreme stress on a regular basis become physically and mentally so exhausted that they do not feel the urge to be sexually intimate with each other. As getting pregnant is not an overnight affair, so infrequent sexual intimacy between the couples ultimately affects fertility. It is alarming to note that this reason has become a cardinal factor behind reproductive dysfunction of couples today.
Decrease in Sperm Count
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone or GnRH, as it is usually called, is responsible for the production of sex hormones in human beings. In case of males, a regular encounter with stress causing factors leads to the production of hormones like cortisol, adrenaline, and catecholamine. These stress hormones inhibit the production of GnRh in males, and its negative effect manifests in the form of decreased sperm count in males. Consequently, it results in male infertility.
Alike men, regular exposure to stressful conditions increase the production of the stress hormones adrenaline, cortisol, and catecholamine in women too. Eventually, these hormones hinder the production in GnRH in women and affect their ovulation. Thus, women in highly stressful conditions ovulate at a much lesser rate than any average woman. This makes it difficult for them to properly plan for a baby.
Unwanted Alteration in the Production of Sex Hormones in Women
Regular exposure to stress and eventually improper production of GnRH in males and females often hamper release of adequate hormones from the pituitary gland. This affects the normal functioning of the sex organs as well as the reproductive organs of both males and females. Over the time, these organs might become totally dysfunctional too if the level of stress encountered by couples remain unaltered.
Final Conclusion: Stress Impedes Fertility
The effect of stress in inducing infertility in both males and females has been established. While stress sets direct blow upon the urge to become physically intimate, the release of stress hormones impede normal production of sex hormones. Hence stress leads to ranges of problems related to fertility in men and women.