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Diabetes and Infertility in Women

Diabetes has become of the most prevalent diseases around the world. In fact, according to World Health Organization, there are around 180 million diabetics in the world, and the number is increasing at an alarming rate. Now, even though diabetes is a big problem on its own, the women usually have to deal with many additional issues that are related to it. One of these is infertility.


How Diabetes Affects Female Fertility

Diabetes increases the risk of various other conditions that are bad for fertility such as:



Diabetes is linked to PCOS (Polycystic Ovary Syndrome) which is a health condition that affects a woman’s hormone levels. In PCOS, a woman’s body produces excessive amounts of male hormones which forces them to skip menstrual periods and makes it difficult for them to get pregnant. Since obesity and insulin resistance are two of the most common reasons behind PMOS, diabetes, which promotes these symptoms, has a direct effect as well.

A lot of healthcare experts also believe that poor glucose control creates an environment that’s unsuitable for attaining pregnancy. Since the body itself begins to find itself unfit for conceiving and nurturing a baby, it creates problems in procreation.


Premature Menopause

A woman has the biological capacity to conceive a child only up to a certain age, which is around 45-50 years. When they reach this age, their body stops menstruating and puts the fertility to an end. This phenomenon is called menopause. Some women can reach menopause sooner than usual, i.e., before they enter their 40s. This is called “premature menopause.”

Some studies have found that women who have type 1 diabetes are a greater risk of developing menstruation-related problems including premature menopause.


Oligomenorrhea and Secondary Amenorrhea

Both Oligomenorrhea and Secondary Amenorrhea are medical conditions associated with irregular menstrual cycles. In the first, irregular periods arrive at intervals of 35 days or more between each period. In the second, a woman stops having periods abruptly for 3 months or more even when there is no pregnancy, menopause, or lactation, i.e., processes that can cause the phenomenon to occur naturally and without affecting the health. Women who have diabetes (either type 1 or type 1) are found to be at a great risk of developing the two conditions above.


Preventive Tips for Infertility

A lot of preventive measures for diabetes also apply to infertility. So, the following tips work for both problems:


Physical fitness

The urban women of today find it difficult to take some time out for exercising. However, the long-term effects of this can be extremely harmful. Not only regular exercise is important for a healthy mind and body, but also to prevent diabetes and poor fertility.


Balanced Diet

Although there is nothing wrong with enjoying some junk food every once in a while, replacing the same with a balanced diet is never recommended. Food items rich in fat, carbohydrates, and sodium are extremely bad for health and can lead to infertility. So, it’s important to include fruits, vegetables, and dry fruits in your diet.


Smoking and Drinking

It’s no secret that consumption of tobacco and alcohol is bad for health. However, it also has a direct impact on a woman’s fertility as well. Thus, these must be avoided as much as possible. A lot of women fail to realize the importance of a healthy lifestyle. They don’t work towards staying fit and also follow a poor diet. However, these things can be detrimental towards their overall health and fertility and so must be checked.

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