Every man wants to be happy, and one of the greatest joys that he can get in his life is by attaining fatherhood when the time is right. Unfortunately, in the recent times, a large number of men are robbed of this blessing as infertility is on the rise in India. This is especially true for the metro cities where the urban lifestyle and increased stress levels have started to take a toll on everyone’s mental and physical health.
A study conducted by the doctors at the medical institute AIIMS, New Delhi revealed that the sperm count of an average Indian man has plummeted to 20 million per ml from 60 million per ml 30 years ago. They found that the quality of male sperm has declined at a rate of 2% every year. But why is that?
The following are some of the main factors that the doctors and health experts say are the leading causes of the declining sperm quality and increased rate of infertility in the Indian men:
The “modern” and “hip” lifestyle that men in India have taken a liking towards has become one of the main reasons behind the increase in unhealthy habits that causes a variety of problems, one of which is infertility.
Medical experts are of the unanimous opinion that the long working hours, insufficient sleep, increased use of drugs, alcohol, cigarettes, etc. are now one of the leading causes of low sperm count in men.
Many studies, including the one by the researchers from Columbia University’s Mailman School of Public Health in New York, NY, Rutgers School of Public Health in Piscataway, NJ, etc., published in the journal Effects of work and life stress on semen quality, have found and proved that stress is directly linked to lower sperm quality.
Anxiety and other mental disorders like depression, etc. are also becoming quite prevalent in India, which is triggering male infertility.
Men living in the urban regions are overly concerned about their career which is why many of them get married quite late in their lives. Since the ideal age when the sperm count and sperm quality are at their peak is passed by then, when they try to impregnate their partner, they face a high risk of infertility. Other common factors that are contributing to the rise of male infertility include health conditions like diabetes and obesity, lack of exercise, etc.
Even though infertility rates are on the rise in the country, the challenges don’t seem to be backing away either.
The biggest challenge which still exists is to create an easy and effective treatment for male infertility. The tests for the condition are still not always accurate. There is limited information on the subject, and in haste to make profits, pharmaceutical corporations are actively marketing products that are poorly researched or tested. What’s more- there is little evidence to support whether the fertility clinics, as well as sperm banks in India, are regulated or even know about the WHO guidelines.
Another big challenge that stands undeterred is the general male mindset in India, which is strongly against the entire concept of male infertility. It’s because the condition is looked down as something that makes a person less of a man. It’s no surprise a lot of men in the country are unwilling to accept the facts even when they are medically diagnosed with the condition, and instead put the blame on their spouse/partner.
Unless the people will change their perspective on male infertility and start taking the problem seriously, the problem can’t be tackled. In addition to that, active support from the healthcare industry as well as the government bodies is also necessary.